International Journal of Pharmacology and Clinical Sciences: A knowledge base for Scientific Enquiry and Better Patient Care

International Journal of Pharmacology and Clinical Sciences, 2012, 1, 1, 1-2.
Published: April 2012
Type: Editorial
Authors: Dr.Vasudha Devi

Author(s) affiliations:
Dr.Vasudha Devi
Melaka Manipal Medical College, (Manipal Campus), Manipal University, India – 576104.


The current health care system of the world is dependent on the modern medicine which focusses on curative rather than preventive aspects of medicine. The modern medicine has increased the life expectancy and quality of human life by delivering remedial measures for several diseases. This was possible because of advances in research and availability of evidences to practice medicine. However, in low-income and middle-income countries, drugs account for 20—60% of health-care costs. [1] The large proportion of these costs is paid out-of-pocket by patients which could be due to inadequate or no coverage by health insurance. To make the condition worse, a third of the world’s population lack access to essential medicines.[2] Cost of drugs is one of the factors contributing to the problem of access to medicines. It is estimated that, in India, out-of-pocket health expenditure traps 2.2% of the population below the poverty line each year.[3] In addition, the Indian health system has to face many other challenges like inadequately control Read More….

Keywords: Nil